Start a compost pile should be the one of the best exercises that helps gardeners in achieving the best results from their lawns and gardens. It is important in conserving the environment and at the same time gives your garden plants vigor and a great harvest. You can begin composting at any particular time of the year, but fall is the best since carbon and nitrogen materials are both readily obtainable.
So what is compost pile definition? Compost pile refers to a stack of sporadic vegetation, manure and various organic dregs that decay to become compost. There are numerous ways of making a compost pile. You can choose to make a free-standing heap or go for ready-made by buying a barrel composter. The other option would be to build your pallet compost bin, which is also essential in getting suitable fertilizer from the organic material you will be using during composting.
Benefits of composting
Composting has several benefits to you, plants, the environment and your home. It is an ideal way of lessening the wastes from your kitchen and yard by up to 30%. Here are some of the way composting is valuable:
- Saves money and resources – When you lessen the amount of waste streaming out of your kitchen and yard, you definitely save money that you would have spent on disposing them. Finished compost pile is also suitable fertilizer that helps the plants in growing strong and healthy. It therefore means that you will save a good amount of money that you would otherwise have spent on purchasing the manure for your plants.
- Improves soil condition – Composting is a sure way of creating rich humus for your garden and lawn. The importance of this is that soil gets adequate nutrients and retains maximum moisture, which is eventually beneficial to the plants.
- Reduces landfill wastes – Most of the notable landfills are increasingly and rapidly filling up while some have already been closed down. Close to 30% of landfill wastes are made of compostable materials thus home composting helps greatly in reducing such wastes.
- Ideal for the environment – Composting also helps in providing a natural substitute to chemical fertilizers as far as environmental pollution is concerned.
Where do you start?
If in any case you are a beginner in composting, you probably have little or no idea of how to make compost from kitchen waste. But before you start, it is important that you make some crucial decisions that will eventually help you in attaining the best from this process.
The first decision is establishing the type composter bin that you will use. You can choose to go with a tumbler composter bin. The second decision is to know the type of materials that you will be putting in your compost bin and the vantage position where you will place the bin. It is recommended that you avoid materials such as meat and fish that would periodically attract rodents to the compost.
Adding garden soil is also advisable since it helps in masking odors as well as accelerating the composting process through the micro-organisms in the soil. When you choose stationary homemade compost bin, ensure that you set it up in a sunny area so that it gets enough heat for faster decomposition.
The other important decision is to mix the content in a balanced manner. There are “greens” (Nitrogen-rich materials) and “browns” (Carbon-rich materials) that need to be balanced accordingly.
Basically, if your compost seems to be relatively dry, make sure that you add more greens while if it is comparatively wet, add some browns. “Greens” entail substances such as fruit and vegetable trimmings as well as grass clippings while “browns’ consists of shredded paper, dead flowers, straw and chopped leaves among others. In this case, tumbling composter becomes handy because it is easy to use since you only need to turn the wastes often.
How to make compost
If you are a novice in gardening, composting may seem to be a complex concept. There are two major ways of composting, Passive and managed composting.
Passive composting is the primary composting where you ordinarily dump all sorts of kitchen and yard wastes into your compost bin. You rarely mix up the wastes, but you leave the fungi, weather, bacteria and time to complete the task for you. Then hopefully, in a period of between 6-12 months, you shall have your useable compost.
Managed composting, on the other hand, needs time, effort and dedication than passive composting. The resulting compost often becomes ready within a short time, and the quality is always high. In most cases, a managed composting usually takes about 6-12 weeks to be ready. Aerobic organisms are used in this type of composting to decompose the organic material in the compost bin. It, therefore, means that there is the need for air circulation for such organisms to survive. The best way of achieving this is by mixing up the pile after every 3-4 days.
The speed at which you produce finished compost is determined by the ingredients which you add to your compost, whether or not you chop it up and the manner in which you mix it up. While monitoring the temperature of your compost pile is also essential, it should necessarily be warm or hot. But if the temperature feels lukewarm, then it means that the decomposition process has decelerated, and there is need of adding more dry materials.
The compost pile also needs to be relatively moist, but not wet. If the pile is too dry, then it will not decay as quickly as required. The best sign of a healthy compost is worms. In most cases, worms do not like extremely hot or wet surrounding and too high or too low temperatures. You can, therefore, use them in monitoring the state of your compost.
Vermicomposting as an alternative
Vermicomposting is a brilliantly useful technique to transform kitchen leftovers and other organic ingredients, into nutrient-rich manure for your garden using worms and micro-organisms. It is one of the proven effective ways of how to make compost from kitchen waste. Basically, earthworms are used in vermicomposting to transform the organic wastes into relatively useful compost of high quality.
In this process, the earthworms consume the compost-able materials that are dumped. These worm compost comprise 5 to 11 times the quantity of existing of Nitrogen (N), Phosphorus (P) and Potassium (K). This method is beneficial because it helps in converting the organic materials that have been customarily considered as waste into treasured soil improvement for gardening. Vermicompost products help in boosting the soil structure and moisture retention as well as suppressing plant pests and diseases.
For you to become successful in worm composting, it is necessary that you obtain an ideal worm composting bin that would provide the suitable conditions for the worms to multiply and increase the composting process.
How composters can help you to start your compost pile
If your residential compound lacks adequate space for a compost bin, it does not mean that you cannot get organic lawn fertilizer from a finished compost pile. Here, we want to help you in understanding often how to use compost tumbler in obtaining the best finished composting products.
Rodents like to access the compost pile because of the nature of composting material disposed into it. It is necessary if you prevent rodents from getting access to the compost pile because they end up destroying the quality of the finished product and might also become a constant bother to your day to day household activities. Compost tumblers are handy in barring such animals from getting the access to the compost since they have tightly held lids.
The best compost tumbler is one that is made of an interior racket because it is helpful in enhancing aeration as well as preventing the compostable materials from clumping. The overall benefit of this is that it accelerates the rate of the composting process. Residential areas need to be clean and presentable. It, therefore, means that you need a vessel that will provide exactly this. Compost tumblers store the compost tidily sealed off as well as preventing the possible odor that might arise from the compost thus suiting any residential setting.
One important thing that you need to know is that after you have created the fertilizer through composting process, you do not necessarily have to use it. Apparently, you can still keep the finished product for as long as you wish. The composting tumblers are beneficial in offering storage because they are manufactured to ensure that the compost stays rich in nutrients for as long as possible.
How to get the best from using composters
Because gardening is an exciting and fun activity, it is only prudent that you do it every season. That means that you need a sufficient and constant supply of organic nitrogen fertilizer from your compost. The only way of attaining this is by composting your wastes using a compost tumbler. This is because it is a system that can compost throughout the year due to the high temperatures generated internally thus effectively breaking down the organic components.
It is ordinarily advisable to have two sets of composting containers every season. One should be for composting fresh additives and the other one for using in your garden. This same principle also applies if you choose to use tumblers. The essence of having two containers is that it helps in providing adequate, constant and quality compost at the start of every gardening season.
However, compost in most cases likes to be used, and in a residential compound, it has a myriad of uses. This makes it one of the most dominant tools for any gardener who is aspiring to grow pest-free, green, luscious, healthy and beautiful gardens. And as mentioned in the article, the ideal way of getting the best from composting process is by obtaining recommended composters from the trusted dealers.
These equipment give you an easy time and are very effective in producing high quality compost suitable for your garden. Various dealers sell different types of composters, and it is advisable that you carry out thorough research before acquiring one. Here are more composter reviews that you can read to help you in making the correct purchase decision.